Trading with the EU

UPDATED: Trading with developing nations: Guidance on the UK’s Generalised Scheme of Preferences has been updated, with guidance added on Guidance Scheme of Preference (GSP) goods entering the UK from a customs warehouse in an EU member state, and GSP goods sent to an EU member state from a customs warehouse in the UK. For more information, click here.  

UPDATED: The UK sanctions list: The list of individuals, entities and ships designated or specified under regulations made under the Sanctions and Anti-Money Laundering Act 2018 and why, has been updated, with amendments to some designations. For more information, click here.

UPDATED: Trade with Japan from 1 January 2021: Guidance on how you import and export with Japan has been updated, with new information on small consignment and waivers. For more information, click here.

NEW: Trading with developing nations: Guidance has been issued with details on the UK’s Generalised Scheme of Preferences. For more information, click here.

UPDATED: Trading under WTO rules: Guidance on how to trade with other countries if there is no UK trade agreement has been updated with new guidance for Great Britain and Northern Ireland. For more information, click here.

UPDATED: Trading with North Macedonia: Guidance has been updated with the latest business advice for North Macedonia. For more information, click here.

✓ Apply for an export licence to export dual-use items to the EU and Channel Islands
From January 2021, you will need an export licence issued by the UK to export dual-use items from Great Britain to the EU or Channel Islands. If you do not have the correct licence, your goods may be held at the border. Register now for an Open General Export Licence through SPIRE, the online export licensing system. More information is available at:

✓ Use the ‘Check How to Export Goods’ tool on to look up information on overseas tariffs, rules and border formalities for trading your goods worldwide.
Use the ‘Check How to Export Goods’ service on GOV.UK to check duties and customs procedures for exporting your goods worldwide. Failure to complete the proper documentation or follow the correct procedures may result in delays getting goods through customs as well as unexpected taxes on goods upon entry to the destination and country. From January 2021, there will be new requirements for how you export goods from the UK. Use the service at:

✓ Use the new UK Global Tariff schedule to check what tariff will be payable on goods entering the UK from 1 January 2021.
If you import goods into the UK, you should check the new UK Global Tariff schedule. From 1 January 2021, the UK Global Tariff schedule will apply to all goods imported into the UK unless an exception applies. Exceptions include goods you import from a country that has a trade agreement with the UK or from a developing country that pays less or no duty because it’s part of the Generalised Scheme of Preferences. You can check the tariffs that will apply to goods you import at:

✓ Check changes to trading with developing countries currently benefitting from the EU Generalised Scheme of Preferences.
From January 2021, the UK will have its own Generalised Scheme of Preferences. Businesses importing goods from eligible developing countries will be able to get trade preferences through the UK’s new scheme. This means that you may be able to benefit from a reduction or removal of duty (tariffs) on imports from developing countries into the UK. Check the guidance at

✓ Use GOV.UK guidance to understand changes to trading with non-EU countries from 1 January 2021. Check if the UK has negotiated a trade agreement with the country you will be trading with.
Trading with countries outside the EU may change from January 2021. Find out about trade continuity agreements the UK has signed and agreements that are still under discussion at:

✓ Businesses will be able to submit applications via the UK's new independent trade remedies system if they believe they are being injured by the effects of unfair trade practices or surges in imports. Familiarise yourself with the UK’s new trade remedies process on GOV.UK.

Other useful links: